Midterm #2 Winter 2018

Open book, two hours total, 30 minutes for each question.

Due Tuesday 06 March 2018 in Class

Think! – I am not giving time to write a long essay on each. If you have only a paragraph per (sub)topic, what is your main point? What is subsidiary and can be left to a second paragraph?
 

  1. Schooling. NPV.
    As Minister of Education, you hire a economic consulting firm to craft help you make a case for a larger budget.

    1. How can they generate an estimate of the benefits of (enhanced) education? What empirical challenges will they face – data, issues they can/can’t address? Given that their consulting fee will come from Education Ministry, what might they overlook?
    2. You can’t study everything. A priori on what should you focus your education budget? Would that be popular among the friends of your Endlessly Re-elected President?
       
  2. Health. To be or not to be? – malaria, that is.
    You are a member of a WHO team working with an African Ministry of Health. You hold what many would view as a devil’s advocate position, that the country for whom you’re preparing a report should to control NOT eliminate malaria.

    1. Craft your argument for focusing on malaria control, and not malaria elimination.
    2. Since you don’t advocate that the government engage in a “war against malaria,” where do you advocate Sierra Leone spend more of their limited resources?
       

  3. Population.
    “A large population makes for a strong country. Go forth and multiply.” Or at least that was the philosophy of Mao Zedong, China’s leader during 1949-1976.

    1. Would you as a poor farmer likely cooperate with this policy?
    2. Would you as Mao’s successor (Deng Xiaoping) agree that this policy will bring dividends to your rule? Or do you foresee benefits in changing it?
       

  4. Agriculture.
    1. Why was the Green Revolution a “revolution”? How did it transform economies? What new institutions did it require? Or it illusory – to quote The Who, the new boss is the same as the old boss.
    2. Why might the Green Revolution lag in an equatorial country such as Nigeria? (Cf. a more northerly country such as China?) Why might peasants be uncooperative?